CONDER TOKEN GALLERY

British Provincial Tokens of the late Eighteenth Century

 

 

(Click on the thumbnails below to view a larger photograph)


 

 

ENGLISH TOKENS:

 

1795 Cambridgeshire Obv.jpg (113152 bytes) CAMBRIDGESHIRE

Issuer Unknown

FARTHING TOKEN

1795 Cambridgeshire Rev.jpg (116751 bytes)
1795 EF D&H - 36

EDGE: Milled

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 61,000

DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

 

1791 Cheshire Obv.jpg (190034 bytes) CHESHIRE

MacClesfield

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1791 Cheshire Rev.jpg (189247 bytes)
1791 VF D&H - 40

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT MACCLESFIELD LIVERPOOL OR CONGLETON"

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 1,030,000

DIESINKER: John G. Hancock   MANUFACTURER: John G. Hancock

 

1791 Cornwall Obv.jpg (197747 bytes) CORNWALL

Cornwall County

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1791 Cornwall Rev.jpg (191579 bytes)
1791 NGC AU-50 D&H - 2

EDGE: Plain

Issued for general circulation

DIESINKER: Jean Pierre Droz    MANUFACTURER: Matthew Boulton

 

1794 Essex Obv.jpg (195414 bytes) ESSEX

Chelmsford

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1794 Essex Rev.jpg (202429 bytes)
1794 VF D&H - 5

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT CLACHAR & CO'S CHELMSFORD ESSEX."

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 103,000

DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

 

1794 Hampshire 12c Obv.jpg (247436 bytes) HAMPSHIRE

Emsworth

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1794 Hampshire 12c Rev.jpg (254802 bytes)
1794 Prooflike AU D&H - 12c

EDGE: "CURRENT EVERY WHERE ----  ----  ----"

Not intended for general circulation - Issued by John Stride

DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon     MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

This token is a mule of the reverse of D&H Hampshire 10, here used as the obverse and the reverse of D&H Hampshire 11.  It may have originally been intended that these mules would be sold to collectors, but as a large number exits it seems that they were sold to merchants and entered circulation.

 

1792 Hampshire Obv.jpg (188796 bytes) HAMPSHIRE

Isle of Wight

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1792 Hampshire Rev.jpg (198296 bytes)
1792 EF D&H - 46

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT HIS OFFICE NEWPORT."

Issued for general circulation

DIESINKER: William Mainwaring    MANUFACTURER: William Mainwaring

 

1791 Hampshire Obv.jpg (188660 bytes) HAMPSHIRE

Portsmouth

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1791 Hampshire Rev.jpg (171808 bytes)
1791 NGC AU-58 D&H - 89

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT THE OFFICE OF W. TAYLOR R. V. MOODY & CO."

Issued for general circulation

DIESINKER: Rambert Dumarest    MANUFACTURER: Matthew Boulton

 

1794 Herefordshire Obv.jpg (48291 bytes) HEREFORDSHIRE

Hereford

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1794 Herefordshire Rev.jpg (47442 bytes)
1794 NGC MS-66 BN D&H - 5

EDGE: Milled

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 15,500

DIESINKER: Arnold     MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche

ex Don Rupp Collection, purchased in October 2004

ex Guilford Courthouse Collection, sold August 2004

ex Jerry Bobbe Collection, sold at Cincinnati EAC Auction April 1999

 

1795 Hertfordshire Obv.jpg (202819 bytes) HERTFORDSHIRE

Stortford

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1795 Hertfordshire Rev.jpg (206349 bytes)
1795 AU D&H - 4

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT BISHOPS STORTFORD."

Issued for general circulation

DIESINKER: Conrad Heinrich Kuchler   MANUFACTURER: Matthew Boulton

 

1794 Kent Token Obv.jpg (71512 bytes) KENT

Faversham

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1794 Kent Token Rev.jpg (78835 bytes)
1794 EF D&H - 20

EDGE: "PAYABLE IN LANCASTER, LONDON OR BRISTOL"

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 20,600

DIESINKER: Roger Dixon     MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche

The town of Faversham was a summer resort for medieval royalty from early medieval times and the sea has always been an important part of its existence, thus the appearance of the medieval sloop on the obverse of this token.  Because of its importance to kings of old, Faversham was granted the unique honor of being allowed to use the Royal Arms as its City Arms.  King Stephen is buried at Faversham Abbey.  The Cinque Ports were established in 1155 and granted privileges in exchange for their service during times of war.

 

1795 Kent 36 Obv.jpg (172612 bytes) KENT

Maidstone

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1795 Kent 36 Rev.jpg (164125 bytes)
1795 BU D&H - 36

EDGE: "PAYABLE BY HENRY OLIVERS ++"

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 15,500

DIESINKER: Roger Dixon     MANUFACTURER: C

 

1794 Lancasher Gaunt Obv.jpg (194258 bytes) LANCASHIRE

Lancaster

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1794 Lancasher Gaunt Rev.jpg (180641 bytes)
1794 VF D&H - 46

EDGE: "PAYABLE IN LANCASTER, LONDON OR BRISTOL."

 

1794 Lancaster Token Obv.jpg (70086 bytes) LANCASHIRE

Lancaster

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1794 Lancaster Token Rev.jpg (72698 bytes)
1794 NGC AU-58 D&H - 58

EDGE: "PAYABLE.IN.LANCASTER.LIVERPOOL.&.MANCHESTER."

Issued for general circulation

DIESINKER: Ponthon     MANUFACTURER: Matthew Boulton

 

LINCOLNSHIRE

Sleaford

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1794 F D&H - 3

EDGE: "PAYABLE BY THOMAS BALL SLEAFORD +.+.+.+."

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 15,500

DIESINKER: Roger Dixon    MANUFACTURER: Roger Dixon

Thomas Ball was a grocer and ironmonger in Sleaford.

"Notes On Eighteenth Century Tokens" states that this token is of interest in that it is made from two old dies that were used for other tokens.

This token is of further interest in that is has been counterstamped "STAINTON" on the obverse.

 

1794 Lincolnshire 4 Obv.jpg (195722 bytes) LINCOLNSHIRE

Spalding

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1794 Lincolnshire 4 Rev.jpg (190152 bytes)
1794 VF D&H - 4

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT T. IENNING'S SPALDING & HOLBEACH -X-"

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 51,500

DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

Listed as SCARCE in Dalton & Hamer

"Notes On Eighteenth Century Tokens" states: Mintage 51,500, but only a few of No. 4 as the die broke.

 

1793 Lincolnshire Obv.jpg (178924 bytes) LINCOLNSHIRE

Wainfleet

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1793 Lincolnshire Rev.jpg (180852 bytes)
1793 VF D&H - 8a

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSES OF D. WRIGHT & S. PALMER X"

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 51,500

DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

 

1794 Middlesex 39 Obv.jpg (165059 bytes) MIDDLESEX

Young's

PENNY TOKEN

1794 Middlesex 39 Rev.jpg (172634 bytes)
1794 AU D&H - 39

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSES OF D. WRIGHT & S. PALMER X"

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 2,000

DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

 

1795 Middlesex 295 Obv.jpg (166642 bytes) MIDDLESEX

Davidson's

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1795 Middlesex 295 Rev.jpg (188894 bytes)
1795 BU D&H - 295

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT THE HOUSE OF T & R DAVIDSONS"

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 51,500

DIESINKER: John G. Hancock    MANUFACTURER: Thomas Dobbs

 

Middlesex 319c Obv.jpg (292524 bytes) MIDDLESEX

Hall's

HALFPENNY TOKEN

Middlesex 319c Rev.jpg (285149 bytes)
Not Dated AU D&H - 319c

EDGE: Milled

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 56,600

DIESINKER: Roger Dixon     MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche

 

1795 Middlesex Obv.jpg (183601 bytes) MIDDLESEX

Richardson's Goodluck & Co.

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1795 Middlesex Rev.jpg (181397 bytes)
1795 NGC MS-63 RB D&H - 468

EDGE: Plain

Issued for general circulation

The obverse of this token depicts Fortune standing in front of two lottery wheels and bears the inscription "NOTHING VENTURE NOTHING HAVE."  One might assume that the similar modern phrase is derived from this saying.  The reverse records the winning number in Richardson's previous lottery and the prize of 30,000.

 

1795 Middlesex 480 Obv.jpg (168216 bytes) MIDDLESEX

Skidmore's

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1795 Middlesex 480 Rev.jpg (166798 bytes)
1795 BU D&H - 480

EDGE: Milled

Issued for general circulation

 DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon     MANUFACTURER: Peter Skidmore

 

1793 Middlesex Spence 833a Obv.jpg (152971 bytes) MIDDLESEX

Spence's

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1793 Middlesex Spence 833a Rev.jpg (131489 bytes)
1793 NGC MS-63 BN D&H - 833a

EDGE: Plain

Not intended for general circulation  -  Issued by Thomas Spence, a London coin dealer.

MANUFACTURER: Peter Kimpson

The inscription "END OF PAIN" is a pun on Thomas Paine, who was hated by most Englishmen of the 1790s. The designer is suggesting that the obverse scene would in fact be a welcome end to Thomas Paine.  The inscription "THE WRONGS OF MAN" is an obvious jab at Paine's book "The Rights of Man" which was published in 1791. The date on the right leaf of the book 21 January 1793 is the date that King Louis XVI of France was executed. The suggestion here is that Paine's ideas lead to the death of the King of France and would do the same for the King of England if his ideas were to gain a following there.

This token is attributed to Thomas Spence by Dalton & Hamer, however it seems most unlikely that Spence an ardent follower of Thomas Paine would have issued a token of this nature.

 

1795 Middlesex Spittle's Obv.jpg (174632 bytes) MIDDLESEX

Spittle's

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1795 Middlesex Spittle's Rev.jpg (184039 bytes)
1795 EF D&H - 903

EDGE: Plain

Issued for general circulation

James Spittle, was a cheesemonger loctaed at No.6 Broadway, Blackfriars, London.

 

1795 Middlesex 924 Obv.jpg (138890 bytes) MIDDLESEX

Miscellaneous Series

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1795 Middlesex 924 Rev.jpg (128220 bytes)
Not Dated VF D&H - 924

EDGE: Plain

Issued for general sale - MINTAGE: 15,500

DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon     MANUFACTURER: Peter Skidmore

Listed as R in Dalton & Hamer

 

1795 Middlesex 981 Obv.jpg (173288 bytes) MIDDLESEX

National Series

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1795 Middlesex 981 Rev.jpg (180248 bytes)
1795 VF D&H - 981d

EDGE: Milled

Issued for general circulation

 

1794 Middlesex 1012 Obv.jpg (190161 bytes) MIDDLESEX

Political & Social Series

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1794 Middlesex 1012 Rev.jpg (194650 bytes)
1794 AU D&H - 1012

EDGE: Milled

Issued for general circulation

 

1793 Middlesex 1033 Obv.jpg (173382 bytes) MIDDLESEX

Political & Social Series

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1793 Middlesex 1033 Rev.jpg (172383 bytes)
1793 VF D&H - 1033

EDGE: Milled

Issued for general circulation

 

1795 Middlesex 1039 Obv.jpg (127485 bytes) MIDDLESEX

Political & Social Series

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1795 Middlesex 1039 Rev.jpg (131209 bytes)
c. 1795 VF D&H - 1039d

EDGE: Plain

 

1796 Middlesex Obv.jpg (127820 bytes) MIDDLESEX

Skidmore

FARTHING TOKEN

1796 Middlesex Rev.jpg (122154 bytes)
1796 VF D&H - 1127

EDGE: Plain

Issued for general circulation   -  Sold by Peter Skidmore, a London coin dealer.

 

1793 Norwich Obv.jpg (180280 bytes) NORFOLK

Norwich

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1793 Norwich Rev.jpg (189559 bytes)
1793 VF D&H - 20

EDGE: "CURRENT EVERY WHERE"

Issued for general circulation

 

Oxfordshire 1 Obv.jpg (118488 bytes) OXFORDSHIRE

Banbury

HALFPENNY TOKEN

Oxfordshire 1 Rev.jpg (128354 bytes)
Not Dated EF D&H - 1

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT BANBURY OXFORD OR READING"

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 25,750

DIESINKER: Arnold     MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche

 

1792 Shropshire Token Obv.jpg (70397 bytes) SHROPSHIRE

Coalbrook Dale

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1792 Shropshire Token Rev.jpg (71644 bytes)
1795 VF D&H - 10

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT COALBROOK-DALE AND KETLEY"

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 309,000

DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon     MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

PIGGOT's DIRECTORY 1822 - "COALBROOK-DALE situated about two miles from Madeley, is a winding glen, between two vast hills which break into various forms with beautiful hanging woods. Here and in the neighbourhood, are the most considerable iron works in England;  the forges mills and steam engines with all their vast machinery, the flaming furnaces, and smoking lime kilns, form. a spectacle, horribly sublime; while the stupendous iron arch, striding over the Severn, gives these scenes a yet nearer resemblance to the ideas in romance. This famous bridge was built in the year 1779, the whole having been previously cast in open sand; all the principal parts were erected in three months, without any accident to the work or workmen, or the least obstruction to the navigation of the river."

  Click thumbnail to view a photograph of the Ironbridge as it looks today

The inclined plane at Ketley was built in 1789.  It was designed to allow boats transit of the Ketley Canal which rose some 73 feet.  In the space provided, a system of locks was not practical, thus the inclined plane was devised.  It worked using a self balance system by which full boats going down would pull empty boats up.  It was closed in 1818.

 

1793 Shropshire Obv.jpg (189463 bytes) SHROPSHIRE

Shrewsbury

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1793 Shropshire Rev.jpg (179939 bytes)
1793 VF D&H - 20

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT SHREWSBURY + +"

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 515,000

DIESINKER: John G. Hancock    MANUFACTURER: John G. Hancock

Listed as R in Dalton & Hamer

 

Somersetshire 26 Obv.jpg (110731 bytes) SOMERSETSHIRE

Bath

HALFPENNY TOKEN

Somersetshire 26 Rev.jpg (113698 bytes)
1794 AU D&H - 26

EDGE: Plain

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 51,500

DIESINKER: Arnold     MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche


1794 Somersetshire Obv.jpg (189758 bytes) SOMERSETSHIRE

Bath

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1794 Somersetshire Rev.jpg (177758 bytes)
1794 EF D&H - 34

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT W. GYE'S PRINTER BATH x . x "

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 41,200

DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche

 

1794 Somerset Token Obv.jpg (66065 bytes) SOMERSETSHIRE

Bath

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1794 Somerset Token Rev.jpg (77682 bytes)
1794 EF D&H - 50

EDGE: "PAYABLE BY  M. LAMBE & SON."

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 103,000

DIESINKER: Arnold     MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche

Mary Lambe & Son - Tea Dealers & Grocers of Stall Street Bath.  The use of the camel in late Eighteenth Century art was a common one owing to the first major European explorations of the Near East during that period.  It was intended to convey a feel of the exotic on the part of the viewer, it this case the exotic teas, coffee and spices offered by Ms. Lambe.   The building shown on the reverse of this token is the Old East India House located at Leadenhall Street, London, it was built in 1729.  India House was the headquarters of the East India Company which ruled British India until 1858, it was demolished in 1800 to make room for the New East India House.  Again this motif was intended to suggest the exotic imports of the East.

India House.jpg (34392 bytes) Click thumbnail to view a period print of India House

 

1793 Somersetshire Obv.jpg (171297 bytes) SOMERSETSHIRE

Bristol

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1793 Somersetshire Rev.jpg (186387 bytes)
1793 VF D&H - 89

EDGE: Milled

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 103,000

DIESINKER: John G. Hancock    MANUFACTURER: John G. Hancock

 

Suffolk 26 Obv.jpg (216434 bytes) SUFFOLK

Bury 

HALFPENNY TOKEN

Suffolk 26 Rev.jpg (217939 bytes)
Not Dated EF D&H - 26

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT P. DECKS POST OFFICE BURY .XX."

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 25,750

DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon     MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

 

1794 Suffolk 35 Obv.jpg (295612 bytes) SUFFOLK

Ipswich 

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1794 Suffolk 35 Rev.jpg (318268 bytes)
1794 CH. AU D&H - 35

EDGE: Milled

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 103,000

DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon     MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

"James Conder was a linen draper at Tavern Street, Ipswich. He was an ardent collector of tokens and the author of the standard work on the subject until it was superseded by that of Atkins in 1892. This is therefore the origin of the generic name of Conder Tokens for these pieces."   David Stuart

 

1794 Sussex 15 Obv.jpg (180756 bytes) SUSSEX

Chichester

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1794 Sussex 15 Rev.jpg (178008 bytes)
1794 VF D&H - 15

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT DALLYS CHICHESTER"

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 25,750

DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

 

1796 Sussex Obv.jpg (176130 bytes) SUSSEX

Eastbourne

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1796 Sussex Rev.jpg (167896 bytes)
1796 NGC AU-58 D&H - 21

EDGE: "CELEBRATED FOR PURE AIR & SEA BATHING . + . + "

Issued for general circulation

MANUFACTURER: James Good

 

1792 Warwickshire 145 Obv.jpg (173087 bytes) WARWICKSHIRE

Birmingham

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1792 Warwickshire 145 Rev.jpg (191883 bytes)
1792 VF D&H - 145

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT H. HICKMANS WAREHOUSE BIRMINGHAM"

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 25,750

DIESINKER: William Mainwaring     MANUFACTURER: William Mainwaring

Listed as RRR in Dalton & Hamer

"Notes On Eighteenth Century Tokens" calls it "very rare."

 

1793 Warwickshire 175 Obv.jpg (148895 bytes) WARWICKSHIRE

Kimpson's

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1793 Warwickshire 175 Rev.jpg (139929 bytes)
NOT DATED Prooflike BU D&H - 175

EDGE: Plain

Not intended for general circulation  -  Issued by Peter Kimpson, a Birmingham button maker

DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

 

1792 Warwickshire 205 Obv.jpg (188794 bytes) WARWICKSHIRE

Kimpson's

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1792 Warwickshire 205 Rev.jpg (170790 bytes)
1792 PROOF D&H - 205

EDGE: Plain

Not intended for general circulation  -  Issued by Peter Kimpson, a Birmingham button maker

DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

 

Warwickshire 231 Obv.jpg (211251 bytes) WARWICKSHIRE

Coventry

HALFPENNY TOKEN

Warwickshire 231 Rev.jpg (203754 bytes)
1792 VF D&H - 231

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF ROBERT REYNOLDS & CO."

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 515,000

DIESINKER: William Mainwaring     MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche

 

WARWICKSHIRE

Coventry

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1793 VF D&H - 242

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT BEDWORTH HINKLEY OR NUNEATON"

Contemporary Forgery

 

WARWICKSHIRE

Wilkinson

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1793 VF D&H - 393

EDGE: "WILLEY SNEDSHILL BERSHAM BRADLEY"

Issued for general circulation

DIESINKER: John G. Hancock     MANUFACTURER: John G. Hancock

 

Warwickshire Farthing Obv.jpg (126498 bytes) WARWICKSHIRE

Birmingham

FARTHING TOKEN

Warwickshire Farthing Rev.jpg (127748 bytes)
NOT DATED NGC MS 62 BN D&H - 482

EDGE: Plain

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 15,450

DIESINKER: Ponthon    MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche

 

1793 Yorkshire Obv.jpg (174376 bytes) YORKSHIRE

York

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1793 Yorkshire Rev.jpg (194282 bytes)
1795 EF D&H - 63

EDGE: " + YORK BUILT A.M. 1223. CATHEDRAL REBUILT A.D. 1075"

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 25,750

DIESINKER: Roger Dixon    MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche

 


 

 

WELSH TOKENS:

 

1793 North Wales Obv.jpg (191812 bytes) NORTH WALES

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1793 North Wales Rev.jpg (178638 bytes)
1793

EF

D&H - 1b

EDGE: "PAYABLE IN LONDON BRISTOL & LANCASTER"

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 103,000

DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche & Peter Kempson

 

1794 North Wales Obv.jpg (170459 bytes) NORTH WALES

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1794 North Wales Rev.jpg (179206 bytes)
1794 VF D&H - 12

EDGE: Plain

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 25,750

DIESINKER: Benjamin Patrick    MANUFACTURER: Samuel Waring

 

1793 Pembrokeshire Obv.jpg (125899 bytes) PEMBROKESHIRE

Saint David's

FARTHING TOKEN

1793 Pembrokeshire Rev.jpg (127950 bytes)
1793 VF D&H - 1

EDGE: Plain

Issued for general circulation

 


 

 

SCOTTISH TOKENS:

 

1801 Angusshire Obv.jpg (173548 bytes) ANGUSSHIRE

Brechin

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1801 Angusshire Rev.jpg (176320 bytes)
1801 VF D&H - 8

EDGE: Plain

Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 15,500

DIESINKER: Thomas Willets    MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

 

1796 Lothain Obv.jpg (167951 bytes) LOTHIAN

Edinburgh

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1796 Lothain Rev.jpg (179348 bytes)
1796 VF D&H - 1

EDGE: Plain

 

1791 Lothain Obv.jpg (187627 bytes) LOTHIAN

Edinburgh

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1791 Lothain Rev.jpg (188727 bytes)
1791 VF D&H - 38

EDGE: "PAYABLE . AT EDINBURGH GLASGOW & DUMFRIES - x - "

Contemporary Forgery

 


 

 

IRISH TOKENS:

 

1795 Dublin Obv.jpg (166921 bytes) DUBLIN

Cornwell's

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1795 Dublin Rev.jpg (169595 bytes)
1795 VF D&H - 307

EDGE: Plain

 

1794 Dublin Obv.jpg (182921 bytes) DUBLIN

Parker's

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1794 Dublin Rev.jpg (180580 bytes)
1794 VF D&H - 351

EDGE: "PAYABLE AT W. PARKER'S OLD BIRMINGHAM WAREHOUSE X"

Issued for general circulation

MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche

 

WICKLOW

Cornebane

HALFPENNY TOKEN

1789 VF D&H - 48a

EDGE: "PAYABLE IN HULL AND IN LONDON"

Contemporary Forgery

 


 

Boulton's Mint at Soho, Birmingham

 

COUNTIES WHERE TOKENS WERE ISSUED:

BEDFORDSHIRE (England) BERKSHIRE
BUCKINGHAMSHIRE CAMBRIDGESHIRE
CHESHIRE CORNWALL
CUMBERLAND DERBYSHIRE
DEVONSHIRE DORSETSHIRE
DURHAM ESSEX
GLOUCESTERSHIRE HAMPSHIRE
HEREFORDSHIRE HERTFORDSHIRE
KENT LANCASHIRE
LEICESTERSHIRE LINCOLNSHIRE
MIDDLESEX MONMOUTHSHIRE
NORFOLK NORTHAMPTONSHIRE
NORTHUMBERLAND NOTTINGHAMSHIRE
OXFORDSHIRE SHROPSHIRE
SOMERSETSHIRE STAFFORDSHIRE
SUFFOLK SURREY
SUSSEX WARWICKSHIRE
WESTMORELAND WILTSHIRE
WORCESTERSHIRE YORKSHIRE
ANGLESEY (Wales) NORTH WALES
CARMARTHENSHIRE CARNARVONSHIRE
GLAMORGANSHIRE PEMBROKESHIRE
ABERDEENSHIRE (Scotland) ANGUSSHIRE
ARGYLLSHIRE AYRSHIRE
FIFESHIRE INVERNESSSHIRE
HADDINGTONSHIRE KINROSSHIRE
KIRKCUDBRIGHTSHIRE LANARKSHIRE
LINLITHGOWSHIRE LOTHIAN
PERTHSHIRE RENFREWSHIRE
RORBURGHSHIRE SELKIRKSHIRE
CORK (Ireland) DROGHEDA
DUBLIN GALWAY
KING'S COUNTY MUNSTER
TIPPERARY WERFORD
WICKLOW  

 

DIESINKERS:

ARNOLD WILLIAM DAVIES
ROGER DIXON JOHN G. HANCOCK SR.
JOHN G. HANCOCK JR. HANDS
CHARLES JAMES B. JACOBS
JOHN STUBBS JORDEN WILLIAM MAINWARING
J. MILTON BENJAMIN PATRICK
SPENCER PERRY PONTHON
SMITH THOMAS WILLETS
JOHN WESTWOOD WILSON
THOMAS WYON JEAN PIERRE DROZ
RAMBERT DUMAREST  CONRAD HEINRICH KUCHLER

 

MANUFACTURERS:

MATTHEW BOULTON THOMAS DOBBS
JOHN GIMBLETT BONHAM HAMMOND
JAMES GOOD JOHN G. HANCOCK
HANDS CHARLES JAMES
JOHN STUBBS JORDEN KENDRICK
PETER KEMPSON WILLIAM LUTWYCHE
WILLIAM MAINWARING J. MILTON
THOMAS MYND JAMES PITT
MERRY WESTWOOD
PETER SKIDMORE THOMAS SPENCE
SAMUEL WARING W. WILLIAMS

 

LONDON COIN DEALERS WHO ISSUED TOKENS:

M. DENTON J. HANCOCK
R. HESLOP P. RATLEY
P. SKIDMORE T. SPENCE
R. SUMMERS H. YOUNG
M. YOUNG  

 

 

Matthew Boulton

 

NOTES:

1. On the various types of tokens issued:  Those tokens referred to above as "issued for general circulation" comprise two broad types.  The first type being those issued by a specific entity, generally a merchant and giving specific instructions on where it could be redeemed for legal currency.  The second type were those manufactured by an entrepreneur and sold to a merchant or other entity, at a discount, for use in making change or paying employees.  Those tokens referred to above as "not intended for general circulation" were issued by collectors, dealers or for use as advertising or political and social commentary.  Tokens of this type may or may not have circulated.  In addition tokens were issued in very small amounts by some collectors for use in trade with other collectors.  These are amongst the most rare of the series.

2. On the mintage figures cited:  Where know, mintage figures are given.  These figures are for the broad type and not the specific D&H number under which the figure is given.

ABOUT THIS PAGE:

All of the tokens shown on this page are from my personal collection and are not for sale.  This collection is a work in progress and updates will be made as tokens are added or upgraded.  The stated grades are my personal opinion based on my 25 years of experience as a numismatist.  References to D&H refer to "THE PROVINCIAL TOKEN COINAGE OF THE 18th CENTURY" by Dalton and Hamer 2004 edition published by Spink & Son Ltd. of London in the United Kingdon and Davisson's Ltd in the United States.

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY OF REFERENCES USED IN THE CREATION OF THIS PAGE:

"LEGEND INDEX OF ENGLISH CONDER TOKENS" - Michael Schmidt 2001 

"COINS OF ENGLAND AND THE UNITED KINGDOM" - Seaby 1996 and 1984

"THE ROYAL MINT - AN ILLUSTRATED HISTORY" - Royal Mint 1986

"COMMERCIAL COINS: 1787-1804" - Bell 1963

"ENGLISH COINS" - Spink & Son Ltd. 1932

"THE PROVINCIAL TOKEN COINAGE OF THE 18th CENTURY" - Dalton & Hamer 1910-1918

"NOTES ON EIGHTEENTH CENTURY TOKENS" - Seaby 1908

 

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